By the will of the peoples of the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, who decided on the formation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics during the Tenth All-Russian Congress of Soviets, the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, being a part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, devolves to the Union the powers which according to Article 1 of the Constitution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics are included within the scope of responsibilities of the government bodies of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Media in category "Maps of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic" The following 28 files are in this category, out of 28 total. Soyúznye Respúbliki) were ethnically based administrative units of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). On 29 May 1990, at his third attempt, Boris Yeltsin was elected the chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR. Media in category "Maps of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic" The following 28 files are in this category, out of 28 total. On 12 December, the agreement was ratified by the Supreme Soviet (the parliament of Russian SFSR); therefore the Russian SFSR had renounced the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR and de facto declared Russia's independence from the USSR itself and the ties with the other Soviet Socialist Republics. Background. The Republic comprises 16 autonomous republics, five autonomous oblasts, 10 autonomous okrugs, six krais, and 40 oblasts. Comment – According to interstate and international compacts, the Russian Federation is the legal successor of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; therefore, this license tag is also applicable to official symbols and formal documents of the Russian SFSR and the USSR (union level).. The capital was Moscow, then and now the capital of Russia. The Georgian SSR was formed in 1921 and subsequently incorporated in the Soviet Union in 1922. Map of Armenian SSR (1988).jpg 5,544 × 4,957; 11.46 MB. During its 76-year existence, the Russian SFSR anthem was Patrioticheskaya Pesnya, but before 1990 the previous anthem shared its music with the Soviet Anthem, though not the lyrics and The Internationale was its anthem before 1944. Comment – According to interstate and international compacts, the Russian Federation is the legal successor of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; therefore, this license tag is also applicable to official symbols and formal documents of the Russian SFSR and the USSR (union level).. The Government was known officially as the Council of People's Commissars. After reconquering Estonia and Latvia in 1944, the Russian SFSR annexed their easternmost territories around Ivangorod and within the modern Pechorsky and Pytalovsky Districts in 1944–1945. The flag of the Russian SFSR was now a defaced version of the flag of the Soviet Union, with the main difference being a minor repositioning of the hammer and sickle and most notably adding a blue vertical stripe to the hoist. On 25 January 1918, the third meeting of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets renamed the unrecognised state the Russian Soviet Republic. Republic in the USSR (1922–1991) and sovereign state (1917–1922 and 1990–1991), "Soviet Russia" redirects here. Flag map of Russian SFSR (1956–1991).svg 1,037 × 602; 40 KB. Information and translations of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, it was a one-party state (until 1990) governed by the Communist Party, with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian SFSR. The August 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt with the temporary brief internment of President Mikhail Gorbachev destabilised the Soviet Union. The official count was 187 dead, 437 wounded (with several men killed and wounded on the presidential side). Caucasiamapussr-ar.gif 739 × 623; 199 KB. Mongol conquest • Duchy of Muscovy, February Revolution • Provisional Government The Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (initially, the Turkestan Socialist Federative Republic; 30 April 1918 – 27 October 1924) was an autonomous republic of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic located in Soviet Central Asia.. During the Russian Empire, the Turkestan ASSR's territory was governed as Turkestan Krai, the Emirate of Bukhara, and the Khanate of Khiva. However, based on the historical community of peoples and relations between the three states, as well as bilateral treaties, the desire for a democratic rule of law, the intention to develop their relations based on mutual recognition and respect for state sovereignty, the parties agreed to the formation of the Commonwealth of Independent States. On 3 March 1944, on the orders of Stalin, the Chechen-Ingush ASSR was disbanded and its population forcibly deported upon the accusations of collaboration with the invaders and separatism.  On 3 March 1918, the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed, giving away much of the land of the former Russian Empire to the German Empire (Germany), in exchange for peace on the Eastern Front of World War I. Historical Dictionary of Socialism. Soviet Union (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; U.S.S.R.), former northern Eurasian empire (1917/22–1991) stretching from the Baltic and Black seas to the Pacific Ocean and, in its final years, consisting of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics. On the same day, the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR denounced the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR and recalled all Russian deputies from the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. Referred to as the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, it was not yet named the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republic). A network of territorially organized public-health services provided health care. The TSFSR comprised Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, traditionally known as the "Transcaucasian Republics" as they were separated from Russia by the Caucasus Mountains. After the Red Army invasion of Georgia, Abkhazia, hitherto an autonomous province within the Democratic Republic of Georgia, was declared a Soviet Republic, the SSR of Abkhazia, in March 1921 by the Abkhaz Revolutionary committee. Definition of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in the Definitions.net dictionary. The following 28 files are in this category, out of 28 total. The parliament then declared Yeltsin deposed and appointed Aleksandr Rutskoy acting president on 22 September. The hammer and sickle and the full Soviet coat of arms were still widely seen in Russian cities as a part of old architectural decorations until its slow gradual removal in 1991. The Matryoshka doll is a recognizable symbol of the Russian SFSR (and the Soviet Union as a whole) and the towers of Moscow Kremlin and Saint Basil's Cathedral in Moscow are Russian SFSR's main architectural icons. Though this image has a Western origin, Russians themselves have accepted it. After 1993, when the Soviet form of government was officially dissolved in the Russian Federation, the final flag of the Russian Federation was changed to the original civil ensign with its original 2:3 proportions. The Soviet red stars are also encountered, often on military equipment and war memorials. With tanks thrown against the small-arms fire of the parliamentary defenders, the outcome was not in doubt. The legality of this ratification raised doubts among some members of the Russian parliament, since according to the Constitution of the RSFSR of 1978 consideration of this document was in the exclusive jurisdiction of the Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR. According to law, during 1992, it was allowed to use the old name of the RSFSR for official business (forms, seals, and stamps). On 11 October 1944, the Tuvan People's Republic was joined with the Russian SFSR as the Tuvan Autonomous Oblast, becoming an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in 1961. The Transcaucasian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1919-1936) was a republic of the Soviet Union in the Caucasus.  After 1985, the "perestroika" restructuring policies of the Gorbachev administration relatively liberalised the economy, which had become stagnant since the late 1970s under General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev, with the introduction of non-state owned enterprises such as cooperatives. The final name for the republic during the Soviet era was adopted by the Russian Constitution of 1937, which renamed it the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR). The public holidays for the Russian SFSR included Defender of the Fatherland Day (23 February), which honors Russian men, especially those serving in the army; International Women's Day (8 March), which combines the traditions of Mother's Day and Valentine's Day; Spring and Labor Day (1 May); Victory Day; and like all other Soviet republics, the Great October Socialist Revolution (7 November). RUSSIAN SOVIET FEDERATED SOCIALIST REPUBLIC.  By 1918, during the subsequent Russian Civil War several states within the former Russian Empire seceded, reducing the size of the country even more. Russia made a significant turn toward developing a market economy by implanting basic tenets such as market-determined prices. The second flag had the letters РСФСР (RSFSR) written in yellow within the canton and encased within two yellow lines forming a right angle. On 8 December 1991, the heads of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus signed the Belavezha Accords. Two fundamental and interdependent goals—macroeconomic stabilization and economic restructuring—led the transition from central planning to a market-based economy. Within the Soviet Union, the RSFSR bordered the Slavic states: Ukrainian SSR (Ukraine), Belarusian SSR (Belarus), the Baltic states: Estonian SSR (Estonia), Latvian SSR (Latvia) and Lithuanian SSR (Lithuania) (annexed forcibly in 1940) to its west and the Azerbaijan SSR (Azerbaijan), Georgian SSR (Georgia) and Kazakh SSR (Kazakhstan) to the south in Central Asia. Fichier:Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Unofficial, 1920-1937).svg. On 8 February 1955, Malenkov was officially demoted to deputy Prime Minister. After the dissolution, Russia declared that it assumed the rights and obligations of the dissolved central Soviet government, including UN membership and permanent membership on the Security Council, but originally excluding foreign debt and foreign assets of the USSR (also parts of the former Soviet Red Army and nuclear weapons remained under overall CIS command as CIS United Armed Forces [Wikidata]). The flag of the Russian SFSR changed numerous times, with the original being a field of red with the Russian name of the republic written on the flag's centre in white.  However, by this time the Soviet government had been rendered more or less impotent, and was in no position to object. RUSSIAN SOVIET FEDERATIVE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC - 108 volgers, 106 volgend, 470 pins | I LOVE MY FATHER, USSR  The next day after the lowering of the Soviet red flag from the top of the Kremlin Senate building of the Moscow Kremlin in Moscow, the USSR was self-dissolved by the Soviet of the Republics on 26 December, which by that time was the only functioning parliamentary chamber of the All-Union Supreme Soviet (the other house, Soviet of the Union, had already lost the quorum after recall of its members by the several union republics). As First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, Nikita Khrushchev's authority was significantly enhanced by Malenkov's demotion. Until 1936 it was a part of the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, which existed as a union republic within the USSR. Russian Republic • October Revolution • Civil War(Red Army • White Guard • separatists • others). In January 1954, Malenkov transferred Crimea from the Russian SFSR to the Ukrainian SSR. In fact, in 1947 the NKVD had run an investigation in the so-called Leningrad case against party functionaries accused of wanting to set up a republican Communist Party in the RSFSR.. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the. The Kazakh ASSR and Kirghiz ASSR were transformed into the Kazakh SSR (Kazakhstan) and Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic (Kyrgyzstan). In 1922, the USSR was formed by the union of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and the Transcaucasian Republics. First Secretary of the Transcaucasian Communist Party Lavrenti Beria (₩) (October 9, 1932 - December 5, 1936) On 24 December, Yeltsin informed the Secretary-General of the United Nations that by agreement of the member states of the CIS the Russian Federation would assume the membership of the Soviet Union in all UN organs (including the Soviet Union's permanent seat on the UN Security Council). Flag map of Russian SFSR (1956–1991).svg 1,037 × … The new Russian Constitution, coming into effect on 25 December 1993 after a constitutional crisis, completely abolished the Soviet form of government and replaced it with a semi-presidential system. The Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic ... Map of the Transcaucasian region during the Soviet era.  On 6 November, he went further, banning the Communist Parties of the USSR and the RSFSR from the territory of the RSFSR.. For most of the Soviet Union's existence, it was commonly referred to as Russia, even though technically Russia itself was only one republic within the larger union of 15 republics—albeit by far the largest, most powerful and most highly developed. The Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (Transcaucasian SFSR or TSFSR), also known as the Transcaucasian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, was a republic of the Soviet Union that existed from 1922 to 1936.. The flag was then changed to a design that resembled the original imperial civil ensign of the Tsardom of Russia, with a notable difference of the flag ratio being 1:2 instead of the original 2:3 ratio. The motto "Workers of the world, unite!" The Karelo-Finnish SSR was transferred back to the RSFSR as the Karelian ASSR in 1956.  In 1974, there were 475 institutes of higher education in the republic providing education in 47 languages to some 23,941,000 students.  On 12 June 1990, the Congress of People's Deputies adopted the Declaration of State Sovereignty, established separation of powers (unlike in the Soviet form of government), established citizenship of Russia and stated that the RSFSR shall retain the right of free secession from the USSR. As Chairmen of the Council of Ministers – Government of the Russian SFSR, Served as acting head of government while, 1918–1936: Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (, 1936–1991: Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 14:23. Even after he died in 1982, the era did not end until Mikhail Gorbachev took power in March 1985 and introduced liberal reforms in Soviet society. According to its Constitution, Russia is divided into 85 federal subjects (constituent units), 22 of which are "republics".Most of the republics represent areas of non-Russian ethnicity, although there are several republics with Russian majority.The indigenous ethnic group of a republic that gives it its name is referred to as the "titular nationality". 85 relations. As many pictures and media files as possible should be moved into appropriate subcategories. The Russian famine of 1921–22, also known as Povolzhye famine, killed an estimated 5 million, primarily affecting the Volga and Ural River regions.. On 10 July 1918, the Russian Constitution of 1918 renamed the country the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic. Red kurdistan 1923 1929-es.svg 495 × 654; 425 KB. Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic—the final name of the Soviet era for the republic—was adopted in the Soviet Constitution of 1936. The USSR had one party political system where the Communist Party dominated. By 1961, it was the third largest producer of petroleum due to new discoveries in the Volga-Urals region and Siberia, trailing in production to only the United States and Saudi Arabia. 1991 N169 "On activity of the CPSU and the Communist Party of the Russian SFSR", Council of People's Commissars of the Russian SFSR, [rɐˈsʲijskəjə sɐˈvʲɛtskəjə fʲɪdʲɪrɐˈtʲivnəjə sətsɨəlʲɪˈsʲtʲitɕɪskəjə rʲɪˈspublʲɪkə], including UN membership and permanent membership on the Security Council, with the treaty on the creation of the Soviet Union, First Congress of the Soviets of the USSR, Transcaucasian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic, Karakalpak Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic, Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, Declaration of State Sovereignty of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Congress of People's Deputies of the Republic, Declaration of State Sovereignty of the Russian SFSR, Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR, Government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Communist Party of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus, Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Bibliography of the Russian Revolution and Civil War, Bibliography of Stalinism and the Soviet Union, Bibliography of the Post Stalinist Soviet Union, "Law of the USSR of March 13, 1990 N 1360-I 'On the establishment of the office of the President of the USSR and the making of changes and additions to the Constitution (Basic Law) of the USSR, log of the meeting of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on February 19, 1954, The Free Dictionary Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, "Petroleum Geology and Resources of the Volga-Ural Province, U.S.S.R.", "Gorbachev is Ready to Resign as Post-Soviet Plan Advances", "On renaming of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic", Закон Российской Федерации от 21 апреля 1992 года № 2708-I «Об изменениях и дополнениях Конституции (Основного Закона) Российской Советской Федеративной Социалистической Республики», "On the national flag of the Russian SFSR", Law "On Amendments and Additions to the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Russian SFSR", Full Texts and All Laws Amending Constitutions of the Russian SFSR, annexation of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Russian_Soviet_Federative_Socialist_Republic&oldid=994970339, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Russian-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1917, States and territories disestablished in 1991, 1991 disestablishments in the Soviet Union, Articles containing Russian-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages move-protected due to vandalism, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the flag caption or type parameters, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2014, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This is a main category requiring frequent diffusion and maybe maintenance . In 1922, the Russian SFSR signed the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR officially setting up of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The Soviet government first came to power on 7 November 1917, immediately after the interim Russian Provisional Government later headed by liberal Alexander Kerensky, which governed the Russian Republic, was overthrown in the October Revolution, the second of the two Russian Revolutions. It appears that the RSFSR took the line that it was not possible to secede from an entity that no longer existed. Fichier:Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1937–1954).svg. On 25 January 1918, at the third meeting of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets, the unrecognized state was renamed the Russian Soviet Republic. The 1978 RSFSR Constitution was amended several times to reflect the transition to democracy, private property and market economy. Many regions in Russia were affected by the Soviet famine of 1932–1933: Volga; Central Black Soil Region; North Caucasus; the Urals; the Crimea; part of Western Siberia; and the Kazak ASSR.  The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed on 3 March 1918, giving away much of the border lands in the west of the former Russian Empire to the German Empire (Germany) in exchange for peace during the last year of the rest of World War I. . Pre-Orders. What does Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic mean?  Russians formed the largest ethnic group. On 9 January 1957, Karachay Autonomous Oblast and Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic were restored by Khrushchev and they were transferred from the Georgian SSR back to the Russian SFSR. The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, commonly referred to as Soviet Russia, the Russian Federation, or simply Russia, is the largest, most populous, and most highly economically developed republic of the Soviet Union. Vladimir Lenin (Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (bolshevik), T︠S︡KK RKP(b), 1917 (in Julian calendar) – 1924) Alexei Rykov (T︠S︡KK RKP(b), Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 1924–1929) Sergei Syrtsov (Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 1929–1930) Similar parades take place in all major Russian cities and cities with the status Hero City or City of Military Glory. 25 October] 1917. The Gorbachev regime failed to address these fundamental goals. Thus, Russia is considered to be an original member of the UN (since 24 October 1945) along with Ukraine (Ukrainian SSR) and Belarus (Byelorussian SSR). Caucasiamapussr-ar.gif 739 × 623; 199 KB. With the adoption of the 1936 Soviet Constitution on 5 December 1936, the size of the RSFSR was significantly reduced.  This name and Russia were specified as the official state names on 21 April 1992, an amendment to the then existing Constitution of 1978 and were retained as such in the subsequent 1993 Constitution of Russia. After the death of Joseph Stalin, 5 March 1953, Georgy Malenkov became the new leader of the USSR. The territory of the ASSR was divided between other administrative units of Russian SFSR and the Georgian SSR. Latv Kriev karte.jpg 1,081 × 1,754; 1.86 MB. Victory Day is the second most popular holiday in Russia as it commemorates the victory over Nazism in the Great Patriotic War. By that time, Soviet Russia had gained roughly the same borders of the old Tsardom of Russia before the Great Northern War of 1700. For other uses, see, • Russian SFSR renamed into the Russian Federation, Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика, Autonomous Republics within the Russian SFSR, Российская Социалистическая Федеративная Советская Республика. Yeltsin, who represented a course of radical privatization, was opposed by the parliament. The Government was known officially as the Council of People's Commissars (1917–1946) and Council of Ministers (1946–1991). The Karakalpak Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic was transferred to the Uzbek SSR. The Russian Soviet Republic was proclaimed on 7 November 1917 (October Revolution) as a sovereign state and the world's first constitutionally socialist state guided by communist ideology. On 17 April 1946, the Kaliningrad Oblast — the north-eastern portion of the former Kingdom of Prussia, the founding state of the German Empire (1871–1918) and later the German province of East Prussia including the capital and baltic seaport city of Königsberg — was annexed by the Soviet Union and made part of the Russian SFSR. On 25 December 1991, during the collapse of the Soviet Union, which concluded on the next day, the republic was officially renamed the Russian Federation, which it remains to this day.