This cover was vital because Ostend was protected by a very strong 11Â in (280Â mm) gun position known as the Tirpitz battery.  Satisfied that none alive remained aboard, he too leapt onto the deck of a motor launch bobbing below. Two minutes after midnight, the force suffered a setback when Sappho suffered a minor boiler explosion and had to return to Dunkirk. As British forces on the southeast coast of Britain regrouped, remanned and repaired following heavy losses at Zeebrugge, Keyes planned a return to Ostend with the intention of blocking the canal and consequently severing Bruges from the sea, closing the harbour and trapping the 18Â U-boats and 25Â destroyers present for months to come. A plan to block Zeebrugge and Ostend was developed by Vice-Admiral Sir Roger Keyes, picking up on previous planning by his predecessor, Admiral Sir Reginald Bacon, in his role in command of the Dover Patrol. A network of canals connected Bruges with the coast at Ostend and Zeebrugge, through which small warships could travel and find a safe harbour from which to launch raids into the English Channel. Edit Like Comment Share. Lambe was one of the most senior officers with naval experience to serve in the 19 The two sacrificial cruisers were, as with the previous attack, accompanied by four heavy monitors under Keyes' command, eight destroyers under Lynes in HMSÂ Faulknor and five motor launches. The destroyer HMS Velox was lashed alongside and survivors from Warwick, Vindictive and ML254 transferred across to the sound ship. , Offshore, as Warwick's officers, Keyes' staff and the survivors of Vindictive gathered on the destroyer's deck to discuss the operation, an enormous explosion rocked the ship causing her to list severely. 07/05/2018 07/05/2018 ianmoore3000 1918, War at sea British Navy, Bruges, First World War, Ostend, Second Ostend Raid, U-boats. Second Ostend Raid. Keyes created an ambitious plan in which two forces, one consisting of two old cruisers and several motor launches and a second consisting of three old cruisers, several ferries, and additional motor launches, would attack the two harbors. Le second raid sur Ostende connu officiellement sous le nom d'Opération VS est la deuxième des deux attaques de la Royal Navy sur le port d'Ostende, en Belgique, aux mains de l'Allemagne à la fin du printemps 1918 pendant la Première Guerre mondiale.  Heading straight into the mouth of the canal, guided by a flare dropped by the launch, Vindictive became an instant target of the German batteries and was badly damaged, the shellfire exacerbating the damage suffered in the earlier Zeebrugge Raid and seriously damaging Vindictive's port propeller. Once the operation had been concluded, the motor launches would draw along the seaward side of the blockships, remove the surviving crews and take them to the monitors for passage back to Britain. The first force would try to block Ostend and the second would strike at Zeebrugge.  During this period, Godsal's motor launches lost track of the cruiser in the murk, and it was not until the third pass that Vindictive found the entrance, accompanied by only one of the launches. The ships' forward ballast tanks were filled with concrete to both protect their bows during the attack, and act as a more lasting obstacle once sunk.  Ten heavy bombers of the newly formed Royal Air Force then dropped incendiary bombs on German positions, but did not cause significant damage. The launchâlike the cruiserâwas riddled with bullets; her commander was wounded and her executive officer dead. For more information please see our page on. Both attacks largely failed, but while at Zeebrugge the operation came so close to success that it took several months for the British authorities to realise that it had been unsuccessful, at Ostend the attack had ended catastrophically. Torpedoes fired from motor launches demolished machine gun posts on the ends of the piers marking the canal, beginning the attack. It blinded the observers of the great batteries when suddenly, upon the warning of the explosions, the guns roared into action. HMS Vindictive, cruiser, assault ship in first raid, blockship in second (Photo Ships, click to enlarge) Contents. A German military cinematographer aboard HMS Vindictive after her sinking as a blockship in Ostend harbour, 10 May 1918. The two raids on Ostend were also failures, the blockships of the first raid missed the harbour entrance and the second attempt was abandoned with the blockship rendered out of control and in the face of strong German resistance. The raid began with a diversion against the mile-long Zeebrugge mole. Vindictive was commanded by Godsal. ". In 1919 they returned to their duties carrying civilians. The channel was largely blocked and so Bruges was ostensibly closed off from the open sea, even if the position of the blockship meant that smaller ships could get through. The rescue mission itself, however, was not going as planned. Photographs. John Owen was serving as a Deck Hand on Motor Launch (ML) 25(4). The remainder of the Belgian coast came under the occupation of German Marine Divisions, including the important strategic ports of Antwerp and Bruges. The motor launches were to lay down a smokescreen that would protect the advancing forces from the German coastal artillery while the cruisers sailed for the … Three Victoria Crosses and a host of lesser awards were given to the men involved. Sign in. John Owen was serving as a Deck Hand on Motor Launch (ML) 25(4). The damaged propeller made this maneuver impossible and the drifting cruiser floated out of the channel and became stuck on a sandbank outside, only partially obscuring the entranceway. These officers approached Commodore Hubert Lynes and Admiral Roger Keyes with a refined plan for a second attempt to block the port. Ostend was attacked in conjunction with the neighbouring harbour of Zeebrugge on 23 April in order to block the vital strategic port of Bruges, situated 6 mi (5.2 nmi; 9.7 km) inland and ideally sited to conduct raiding operations on the British coastline and shipping lanes. The Port of Ostend (Dutch: Oostende) is situated in Ostend, West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium.The port services freight transport between Ostend and Ramsgate, Ipswich and North Killingholme Haven.. A successful blockade of these bases would force German submarines to operate out of more distant ports, such as Wilhelmshaven, on the German coast. Volunteers from amongst the force which had failed in April aided the planning with advice based on bitter experience. Updated on Feb 15, 2018. Warwick had struck one of the defensive mines off Ostend and was now in danger of sinking herself.  Steaming back and forth across the harbour entrance in the fog as the monitors and German shore batteries engaged in a long range artillery duel over the lost cruiser, Godsal looked for the piers marking the entrance to the canal. The Second Ostend Raid, Belgium 9-10 May 1918. please Add a Name to this List. HMS Vindictive at Ostend after the Zeebrugge Raid.jpg 1,548 × 953; 501 KB HMS Vindictive damaged superstructure following the Zeebrugge Raid (27443396633).jpg 3,141 × 2,097; 1 MB The Second Raid on Ostend, 10 May 1918 Q22846.jpg 559 × 800; 85 KB The Second Ostend Raid (officially known as Operation VS) was the later of two failed attempts made during the spring of 1918 by the United Kingdom's Royal Navy to block the channels leading to the Belgian port of Ostend as a part of its conflict with â¦ Alfred Godsal intended to swing Vindictive broadside on into the channel mouth, but as he ordered the turn, the right screw broke down completely, preventing the cruiser from fully turning. On 18 May the British launched ... Second Coalition. Second raid sur Ostende; Aéroport d'Ostende-Bruges; Arrondissement administratif d'Ostende; Mercator (navire école) Europacentrum; Voile aux Jeux olympiques d'été de 1920; Stene; Gare d'Ostende; Phare d'Ostende; Earth Explorer; Terstreep; Moins de 10 km* Leffinge; Middelkerke; Bredene; Zandvoorde (Ostende) Wilskerke; Snaaskerke ; Grand Hôtel Bellevue (Westende) … THE SECOND OSTEND RAID, MAY 1918 | Imperial War Museums Do you have 5 minutes to help us improve our website? References Notes Bibliography. We currently have a huge backlog of stories and historical documents which need to be edited or transcribed for display online, if you have a good standard of written English, an interest in the two World Wars and a little time to spare online we would appreciate your help.  Hauling the men aboard, Bourke turned for the safety of the open sea, but as he did, two 6Â in (150Â mm) shells struck the launch, smashing the lifeboat and destroying the compressed air tanks. Hauling the men aboard, Bourke turned for the safety of the open sea, but as he did, two 6 in (150 mm) shells struck the launch, smashing the lifeboat and destroying the compressed air tanks. Though the mission was only partly successful, Ramsay was Mentioned in despatches for his performance during the operation. The rescue mission itself, however, was not going as planned. Despite German claims that the blockage did not impede their operations, the operation to close the Ostend canal seemed to have been at least partially successful. Like this page to receive our updates, add a comment or ask a question. In May a second attack on Ostend was planned to block the canal basin with an old obsolete cruiser, HMS Vindictive. All preparations for the operation were completed by the first week of May and on 9 May the weather was nearly perfect for the attack. Staplehurst, Kent: Ferry Publications. Of the five motor launches attached to the expedition, only one had remained with the cruiser in the fog - ML254 commanded by Lieutenant Geoffrey Drummond. The First Ostend Raid was conducted in tandem with the similar Zeebrugge Raid led by Acting Vice-Admiral Roger Keyes on 23 April 1918; a large scale operation to block the wider canal at Zeebrugge.  This careful study was, however, rendered worthless by a sudden fog which obliterated all sight of the shore.  U-boats could also depart from Bruges at night, cutting a day off the journey to the Western Approaches, more easily avoiding the North Sea Mine Barrage and allowing U-boat captains to gain familiarity with the net and mine defences of the English Channel, through which they had to pass to reach the main battlegrounds of the Atlantic. As men scrambled down the ship's flank away from the shells and machine-gun bullets spitting from the harbour entrance, Crutchley made a final survey with an electric torch looking for wounded men amongst the dead on the decks. 9-10 May1918. , Despite German claims that the blockage did not impede their operations, the operation to close the Ostend canal seemed to have been at least partially successful. Navigation buoys had … This saw the Royal Navy attempt to block the channels into the port of Ostend. Torpedoes fired from motor launches demolished machine gun posts on the ends of the piers marking the canal, beginning the attack. Her six officers and 48 crew were all volunteer veterans of the previous failed attempt by Brilliant. On May 9, 1918, Ramsay took part in Vice-Admiral Roger Keyes' Second Ostend Raid. 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