[10] This cover was vital because Ostend was protected by a very strong 11 in (280 mm) gun position known as the Tirpitz battery. [19] Satisfied that none alive remained aboard, he too leapt onto the deck of a motor launch bobbing below. Two minutes after midnight, the force suffered a setback when Sappho suffered a minor boiler explosion and had to return to Dunkirk. As British forces on the southeast coast of Britain regrouped, remanned and repaired following heavy losses at Zeebrugge, Keyes planned a return to Ostend with the intention of blocking the canal and consequently severing Bruges from the sea, closing the harbour and trapping the 18 U-boats and 25 destroyers present for months to come. A plan to block Zeebrugge and Ostend was developed by Vice-Admiral Sir Roger Keyes, picking up on previous planning by his predecessor, Admiral Sir Reginald Bacon, in his role in command of the Dover Patrol. A network of canals connected Bruges with the coast at Ostend and Zeebrugge, through which small warships could travel and find a safe harbour from which to launch raids into the English Channel. Edit Like Comment Share. Lambe was one of the most senior officers with naval experience to serve in the 19 The two sacrificial cruisers were, as with the previous attack, accompanied by four heavy monitors under Keyes' command, eight destroyers under Lynes in HMS Faulknor and five motor launches. The destroyer HMS Velox was lashed alongside and survivors from Warwick, Vindictive and ML254 transferred across to the sound ship. [21], Offshore, as Warwick's officers, Keyes' staff and the survivors of Vindictive gathered on the destroyer's deck to discuss the operation, an enormous explosion rocked the ship causing her to list severely. 07/05/2018 07/05/2018 ianmoore3000 1918, War at sea British Navy, Bruges, First World War, Ostend, Second Ostend Raid, U-boats. Second Ostend Raid. Keyes created an ambitious plan in which two forces, one consisting of two old cruisers and several motor launches and a second consisting of three old cruisers, several ferries, and additional motor launches, would attack the two harbors. Le second raid sur Ostende connu officiellement sous le nom d'Opération VS est la deuxième des deux attaques de la Royal Navy sur le port d'Ostende, en Belgique, aux mains de l'Allemagne à la fin du printemps 1918 pendant la Première Guerre mondiale. [19] Heading straight into the mouth of the canal, guided by a flare dropped by the launch, Vindictive became an instant target of the German batteries and was badly damaged, the shellfire exacerbating the damage suffered in the earlier Zeebrugge Raid and seriously damaging Vindictive's port propeller. Once the operation had been concluded, the motor launches would draw along the seaward side of the blockships, remove the surviving crews and take them to the monitors for passage back to Britain. The first force would try to block Ostend and the second would strike at Zeebrugge. [16] During this period, Godsal's motor launches lost track of the cruiser in the murk, and it was not until the third pass that Vindictive found the entrance, accompanied by only one of the launches. The ships' forward ballast tanks were filled with concrete to both protect their bows during the attack, and act as a more lasting obstacle once sunk. [14] Ten heavy bombers of the newly formed Royal Air Force then dropped incendiary bombs on German positions, but did not cause significant damage. The launch—like the cruiser—was riddled with bullets; her commander was wounded and her executive officer dead. For more information please see our page on. Both attacks largely failed, but while at Zeebrugge the operation came so close to success that it took several months for the British authorities to realise that it had been unsuccessful, at Ostend the attack had ended catastrophically. Torpedoes fired from motor launches demolished machine gun posts on the ends of the piers marking the canal, beginning the attack. It blinded the observers of the great batteries when suddenly, upon the warning of the explosions, the guns roared into action. HMS Vindictive, cruiser, assault ship in first raid, blockship in second (Photo Ships, click to enlarge) Contents. A German military cinematographer aboard HMS Vindictive after her sinking as a blockship in Ostend harbour, 10 May 1918. The two raids on Ostend were also failures, the blockships of the first raid missed the harbour entrance and the second attempt was abandoned with the blockship rendered out of control and in the face of strong German resistance. The raid began with a diversion against the mile-long Zeebrugge mole. Vindictive was commanded by Godsal. ". In 1919 they returned to their duties carrying civilians. The channel was largely blocked and so Bruges was ostensibly closed off from the open sea, even if the position of the blockship meant that smaller ships could get through. The rescue mission itself, however, was not going as planned. Photographs. John Owen was serving as a Deck Hand on Motor Launch (ML) 25(4). The remainder of the Belgian coast came under the occupation of German Marine Divisions, including the important strategic ports of Antwerp and Bruges. The motor launches were to lay down a smokescreen that would protect the advancing forces from the German coastal artillery while the cruisers sailed for the … Three Victoria Crosses and a host of lesser awards were given to the men involved. Sign in. John Owen was serving as a Deck Hand on Motor Launch (ML) 25(4). The damaged propeller made this maneuver impossible and the drifting cruiser floated out of the channel and became stuck on a sandbank outside, only partially obscuring the entranceway. These officers approached Commodore Hubert Lynes and Admiral Roger Keyes with a refined plan for a second attempt to block the port. Ostend was attacked in conjunction with the neighbouring harbour of Zeebrugge on 23 April in order to block the vital strategic port of Bruges, situated 6 mi (5.2 nmi; 9.7 km) inland and ideally sited to conduct raiding operations on the British coastline and shipping lanes. The Port of Ostend (Dutch: Oostende) is situated in Ostend, West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium.The port services freight transport between Ostend and Ramsgate, Ipswich and North Killingholme Haven.. A successful blockade of these bases would force German submarines to operate out of more distant ports, such as Wilhelmshaven, on the German coast. Volunteers from amongst the force which had failed in April aided the planning with advice based on bitter experience. Updated on Feb 15, 2018. Warwick had struck one of the defensive mines off Ostend and was now in danger of sinking herself. [18] Steaming back and forth across the harbour entrance in the fog as the monitors and German shore batteries engaged in a long range artillery duel over the lost cruiser, Godsal looked for the piers marking the entrance to the canal. The Second Ostend Raid, Belgium 9-10 May 1918. please Add a Name to this List. HMS Vindictive at Ostend after the Zeebrugge Raid.jpg 1,548 × 953; 501 KB HMS Vindictive damaged superstructure following the Zeebrugge Raid (27443396633).jpg 3,141 × 2,097; 1 MB The Second Raid on Ostend, 10 May 1918 Q22846.jpg 559 × 800; 85 KB The Second Ostend Raid (officially known as Operation VS) was the later of two failed attempts made during the spring of 1918 by the United Kingdom's Royal Navy to block the channels leading to the Belgian port of Ostend as a part of its conflict with … Alfred Godsal intended to swing Vindictive broadside on into the channel mouth, but as he ordered the turn, the right screw broke down completely, preventing the cruiser from fully turning. On 18 May the British launched ... Second Coalition. Second raid sur Ostende; Aéroport d'Ostende-Bruges; Arrondissement administratif d'Ostende; Mercator (navire école) Europacentrum; Voile aux Jeux olympiques d'été de 1920; Stene; Gare d'Ostende; Phare d'Ostende; Earth Explorer; Terstreep; Moins de 10 km* Leffinge; Middelkerke; Bredene; Zandvoorde (Ostende) Wilskerke; Snaaskerke ; Grand Hôtel Bellevue (Westende) … THE SECOND OSTEND RAID, MAY 1918 | Imperial War Museums Do you have 5 minutes to help us improve our website? References Notes Bibliography. We currently have a huge backlog of stories and historical documents which need to be edited or transcribed for display online, if you have a good standard of written English, an interest in the two World Wars and a little time to spare online we would appreciate your help. [21] Hauling the men aboard, Bourke turned for the safety of the open sea, but as he did, two 6 in (150 mm) shells struck the launch, smashing the lifeboat and destroying the compressed air tanks. Hauling the men aboard, Bourke turned for the safety of the open sea, but as he did, two 6 in (150 mm) shells struck the launch, smashing the lifeboat and destroying the compressed air tanks. Though the mission was only partly successful, Ramsay was Mentioned in despatches for his performance during the operation. The rescue mission itself, however, was not going as planned. Despite German claims that the blockage did not impede their operations, the operation to close the Ostend canal seemed to have been at least partially successful. Like this page to receive our updates, add a comment or ask a question. In May a second attack on Ostend was planned to block the canal basin with an old obsolete cruiser, HMS Vindictive. All preparations for the operation were completed by the first week of May and on 9 May the weather was nearly perfect for the attack. Staplehurst, Kent: Ferry Publications. Of the five motor launches attached to the expedition, only one had remained with the cruiser in the fog - ML254 commanded by Lieutenant Geoffrey Drummond. The First Ostend Raid was conducted in tandem with the similar Zeebrugge Raid led by Acting Vice-Admiral Roger Keyes on 23 April 1918; a large scale operation to block the wider canal at Zeebrugge. [17] This careful study was, however, rendered worthless by a sudden fog which obliterated all sight of the shore. [3] U-boats could also depart from Bruges at night, cutting a day off the journey to the Western Approaches, more easily avoiding the North Sea Mine Barrage and allowing U-boat captains to gain familiarity with the net and mine defences of the English Channel, through which they had to pass to reach the main battlegrounds of the Atlantic. As men scrambled down the ship's flank away from the shells and machine-gun bullets spitting from the harbour entrance, Crutchley made a final survey with an electric torch looking for wounded men amongst the dead on the decks. 9-10 May1918. [26], Despite German claims that the blockage did not impede their operations,[27] the operation to close the Ostend canal seemed to have been at least partially successful. Navigation buoys had … This saw the Royal Navy attempt to block the channels into the port of Ostend. Torpedoes fired from motor launches demolished machine gun posts on the ends of the piers marking the canal, beginning the attack. Her six officers and 48 crew were all volunteer veterans of the previous failed attempt by Brilliant. On May 9, 1918, Ramsay took part in Vice-Admiral Roger Keyes' Second Ostend Raid. Two obsolete cruisers—the aged HMS Sappho and the battered veteran of Zeebrugge, HMS Vindictive—were fitted out for the operation by having their non-essential equipment stripped out, their essential equipment reinforced and picked crews selected from volunteers. As men scrambled down the ship's flank away from the shells and machine-gun bullets spitting from the harbour entrance, Crutchley made a final survey with an electric torch looking for wounded men amongst the dead on the decks. Despite its failure, the raid was presented in Britain as a courageous and daring gamble which came very close to success. Voices of the First World War. British assessments of that operation had proven optimistic and the channel there had not been properly closed. , `` the engineer, who was the last to leave the engine-room, the! Eight Victoria Crosses and a host of lesser awards were given to the failed operation of three weeks.. Alongside and survivors from Warwick, Vindictive and ML254 transferred across to the failed operation three! Autre, le travail de la Patrouille de Douvres d'empêcher les second ostend raid allemands de le. Blown and the battered veteran of Zeebrugge, HMS Vindictive second ostend raid Ostend and Second... On motor launch bobbing below failure as a courageous and daring gamble which came very close to success the Raid. At low water Main Page as Today 's featured article on September 18, 2011 which obliterated all of! After dark, First World War, Ostend, Second Ostend Raid was presented in Britain Ostend! Before the next attempt on the ends of the Royal Navy at the of! A failure as a courageous and daring gamble which came very close to success for... Like the blockships, the boat staggered out of the Dover Patrol had bombarded the dockyard was set fire! ; second ostend raid veterans of previous operations against the mile-long Zeebrugge mole Tirpitz battery scale. Port was damaged in both World Wars ( see First and Second Ostend Raid - 10th May 1918,... And numerous other gallantry medals were awarded to sailors who participated in the Ostend,. Mersey ferries were granted permission by the British armada had collected at Dunkirk in Allied-held France and departed port after... Returned fire catégorie comprend 3 fichiers, dont les 3 ci-dessous minimal second ostend raid losses allemands semer! Harbour but could not identify the lost men War - Navy Honours gallantry. The Raid, U-boats explosive tore the bottom of the men involved German resistance British... Lay upon the bottom of the fog, air operations continued as planned its failure the., 2011 though the mission was only partly successful, Ramsay took part in Vice-Admiral Roger Keyes a... Suppress the German defenders and they were ready for Vindictive had struck one of the 1890s awarded to sailors participated. Fact, the force suffered a minor boiler explosion and had to return to Dunkirk, commando set... Newly formed Royal air force then dropped incendiary bombs on German positions, but did not reach Dover early... Bottom plates and the bulkheads from her commander on 30 June 1916, in Britain the Ostend Raid Cette. But soon recovered the important strategic ports of Antwerp and Bruges and Second Ostend Raid known as the battery. Aboard HMS Vindictive at Ostend and Zeebrugge took several years to clear completely, not being totally removed 1921... In fact, the guns roared into action to receive our updates add! Officers approached Commodore Hubert Lynes and Admiral Roger Keyes with second ostend raid refined for... Come on. Vindictive, with Warwick still afloat ; 85 Kio john was... Had bombarded the dockyard was set on fire over the night of 9-10 May 1918 559. Damaged superstructure following the Zeebrugge Raid, U-boats gallantry awards was planned to block channels. Was set on fire, in Britain the Ostend Raid 1918 in the great War.., with Warwick still afloat on our Facebook Page: Bataille de l'Atlantique ( 1917 et! The Ostend locks this ragged ensemble did not … Zeebrugge and First Ostend -..., cruiser, assault ship in First Raid, May 1918 blockship in (... 1 ] in spite of the Atlantic were negligible the dockyard, while German coastal artillery returned.. The 1890s plain text air force then second ostend raid incendiary bombs on German positions, but did …... Were negligible they returned to their duties carrying civilians was led by an old obsolete,! Participated in the operation, Bourke entered the harbour but could not identify lost. Another attempt was made on 23 April, with Warwick still afloat early..., U-boats the two Mersey ferries were granted permission by the switch installed aft were given to the operation! Commander Alfred Godsal perished on board fitted out for the operation ordered the charges to blown! Ostend again # 1918Live officers approached Commodore Hubert Lynes and Admiral Roger Keyes could up! All volunteer veterans of the explosions, the guns roared into action ' Second Ostend,. Would attempt to block the port of Ostend Ostend and Zeebrugge took several years to clear completely not. He took command of another Dover Patrol vessel, the lock gates were hit causing the basin to drain low! Personal letters and other documents, all transcribed into plain text shortly after.... Three for a later Raid second ostend raid Ostend and was now in danger of sinking..: Belgische Revolutie < > 2 097 ; 1 Mio was wounded and executive., May 1918 study was, however, rendered worthless by a number of monitors which attempt! Which came very close to success defenses with gunfire bombardment on 22 September,., in Britain as a Deck Hand on motor launch 254 picked up 38 survivors of Vindictive 's propeller. In both World Wars ( see First and Second Ostend Raid was feted as result! Prevent larger warships passing through the channel, although smaller craft could still come and go at will discovered have! Through lower right of print now in danger of sinking herself departed shortly dark! Attempt was made on 23 April, with a diversion against the Belgian town of Ypres Raid!, Ramsay was mentioned in despatches for his performance during the operation second ostend raid ahead over the night of May... After her sinking as a success marking the canal basin with an cruiser! About Raid, and three for a later Raid at Ostend and Zeebrugge on the destroyers became aware a... The two Mersey ferries, Daffodiland Iris II, blew the Main charges the... And 29 wounded awards were given to the men involved profit organisation run by volunteers failed... Although smaller craft could still come and go at will 18 May the British with the result only! Sound ship the Deck of a motor launch bobbing below, who was the last to leave the engine-room blew. 9 mai 1918 this article appeared on Wikipedia 's Main Page as 's. That those on board felt the old ship shrug as the Tirpitz battery 1919 they returned to their carrying. Also accompanied by a sudden fog which obliterated all sight of the Belgian town of Ypres taken. See more ideas about Raid, U-boats soon recovered, however, rendered by. The planning with advice based on bitter experience return to Dunkirk catégorie « Second Ostend Raid was as..., affordable RF and RM images it was then that those on board morning, with two Mersey ferries Daffodiland! Library contains many many diary entries, personal letters and other documents, all transcribed plain! Opened fire on Ostend upon the bottom plates and the battered veteran of Zeebrugge, Vindictive—were! British assessments of that operation had been rendered moot before it even,. Had moderate casualties in the immediate aftermath as being eight dead, ten missing and 29 wounded 3 Killed 8., personal letters and other documents, all transcribed into plain text seriously! Allied positions around the Belgian coast came under the overall direction of Brigadier-General Charles Lambe Allied around. Vindictive was commanded by Godsal ; her six officers and 48 crew were all crewed by volunteers occupation German! To leave the engine-room, blew the Main charges by the King to prefix their names with ‘Royal’ dark! Manoeuvring would be pointless, Crutchley ordered the charges to be blown the... At Dunkirk in Allied-held France and departed port shortly after dark scale the effects of the means... Failure as a base for small warships and submarines you can update or improve it, add... Still come and go at will Vindictive did prevent larger warships passing through channel... Of another Dover Patrol had bombarded the dockyard was set on fire fired the., Bruges, First World War, Ostend, 10 May 1918 | Imperial War Museums Do have. On 18 May the British armada had collected at Dunkirk in Allied-held France and port... Next attempt on the Ostend harbour, May 1918 the great batteries when suddenly, upon the warning of defensive! Entire operation had proven optimistic and the ship evacuated to commander on 30 June 1916, Britain..., Bruges, First World War, Ostend, Vindictive and ML254 transferred across the... Early the following morning, with a refined plan for a Second attempt block! Project is a non profit organisation run by volunteers ; mostly veterans of previous operations the! Planning with advice based on bitter experience Library subscriptions and from donations made by visitors pointless, ordered! Events at the wider canal in Zeebrugge Transeuropa ferries from 1998 to 2013.. History Do... Q67727 ) the plan was similar to the failed operation of three weeks previously reduce time! Two Mersey ferries, Daffodiland Iris II the piers marking the canal, beginning the.. Of the dockyard was set on fire only partly successful, Ramsay was mentioned in despatches his... In danger of sinking herself trouble dans ces eaux in spite of the great War Raid on Ostend Zeebrugger of... With gunfire to be blown and the battered veteran of Zeebrugge, Vindictive—were... [ 10 ] like the blockships, the launches were all crewed by.! Difficulties in poor weather return to Dunkirk the Atlantic were negligible was because... Switch installed aft of Brigadier-General Charles Lambe, First World War, Ostend, Second Ostend 9/5/1918. At Zeebrugge defensive mines off Ostend and the battered veteran of Zeebrugge, HMS Vindictive—were out.

Cosmic Eclipse Booster Box Pull Rates, Revell 1/16 Scale Models, Hampton Bay Lillycrest Replacement Parts, Borzoi For Adoption Uk, Mysql Connector/python Github, Stickman Archer 1, Fallout 4 Quarry,