Feb 4, 2011 | Ouessant Wool 101 Un Petit Guide de la laine Ouessant, n° 3 : Les 4 types de fibres qui se trouvent dans une toison Ouessant As a primitive sheep, the Ouessant produces a fleece that is quite distinctive : the primary fibers form a type of outer coat and the secondary fibers make up the inner coat of wool. 5 out of 5 stars (2) 2 reviews $ 27.24. Most are lambs born this spring and they range from 3/4 Ouessant to 7/8 Ouessant. So what exactly is this structure? • Wool and techniques for handprocessing wool products from Ouessant and other primitive breeds. The unique mix of natural colours makes the wool particularly desirable. The wool of the inner fleece is as fine as that of a merino and the longer guard hairs are as robust as those of a commercial long-wool breed such as the Romney. The sample taken from the side is longer than the one taken from around the neck and it has tapered tips. The Society exists to protect, promote and improve the Ouessant breed, providing members with information and advice on the care and welfare of Ouessants, and representing the interests of owners and their sheep in the … That being said, from time to time we do find locks of Ouessant wool that almost have a distinctive structure. 50% fleeces from Ouessant island 25% sheep raised in Finistère, Brittany, France (including some from organic herd) 25% merinos d’Arles raised in France. The Ouessant sheep carries a thick fleece of long wool with a dense undercoat. Listen to the episode here! Wool is insulating. easy care & low maintenance. The Ouessant Sheep Society was formed by a group of like minded breeders and enthusiasts in February 2005 and has since grown to include over 100 flocks across the UK. The wool is also very fine and soft. Enter your email address to receive alerts when we have new listings available for Ouessant sheep for sale. Today, the animals are often used to maintain landscapes. The breed is originated from the island of Ouessant off the coast of Brittany, France. They originated on Ile d’Ouessant, a small island off the coast of Brittany, France. ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 'TitBijou with her amazing primitive fleece. I love wool. When there are several different types of fibers of varying lengths and diameters the fibers cannot line up with each other. As a result we can find a wool to make a layette for a new born baby, a wool to make rugs, and yet another wool to make sweaters and hats. The females are not horned and with a shoulder height of max. Females are naturally polled (no horns). They are small and strong, used to the rugged conditions of the Breton coast. What this means is that there is very little variation in the types of fibers in this sample. In particular, Merino wool is noted for its very distinctive, beautiful locks. The island, which marks the beginning of the English Channel, covers six square miles and is best known for its lighthouses. They provide us with wool for clothing, blankets, and other material items, but some can also provide us with food that is rich in protein, iron, B-vitamins, and zinc. Ouessant sheep are black, brown or white and have a thick fleece of long wool with a dense undercoat. Wool keeps us warm during the winter and is pleasant to wear during the summer. Wool is an excellent regulator of humidity : it can absorb up to 30% of its weight in humidity without feeling damp. Ouessant sheep raised mainly for wool production. Additionally, the presence of these different types of fiber makes it almost impossible to see the wool’s crimp. Jasper’s fleece is an excellent example of this lack of lock structure : Fournier, Nola, and Jane Fournier. Woolly Tales & Yarns from a Spinner's Flock of Ouessant Sheep I love wool. Wool is an all-purpose textile fiber. The Ouessant deliver beautiful wool in all kind of natural shades. In Sheep's Clothing : A Handspinner's Guide to Wool. They hail from an island off France* and are considered to be the world’s smallest sheep, which is handy for middle-aged neophyte farmers. The sample taken from the thigh is even more outstanding than the side sample, with its length, tapering tips and multiple fiber types. The male animals carry large spiral horns, which have some distance from the head. The Merino, an improved breed of sheep, is known for its fine uniform fleece. Its wool is mostly black, but there are brown and white versions, accepted by breed standards. It was the women of the island that raised the sheep, renowned for their black wool to weave into cloth known locally as berlinge and their meat with its sweet and delicate taste. Ouessant sheep for sale. Aug 5, 2016 - N° 1 : "Introduction" I admit it. Ouessant sheep produce a thick fleece that historically was the primary material used for clothing on the island. The tail is short. They are ideal for small holders for wool, companion animals, meat production or simply to keep the grass down. Ouessant sheep are most often black and brown with white seen only rarely. A lock of wool has a very distinctive look and to a certain extent it is the lock formation that makes for a beautiful fleece. The average thickness of their wool is 27 to 28 microns. Unlike commercial breeds of sheep, that were bred to produce uniform fleeces for use in the textile industry, the fleece of primitive breeds like the Ouessant remains unimproved, with a lack of uniformity and a variety of length and diameter of fibres. They have a thick fleece of long wool with a dense undercoat that comes mainly in a … The sample taken from around the neck (excluding the mane) is shorter than the other samples and is in the form of a rectangle. The wool grows 8 to 10 cms in a year and has an average fineness of 25-28 microns. This makes Ouessant wool particularly suitable for a variety of craft purposes including spinning and felting. The fleece is of high quality and can be hand spun, felted or used for weaving. There are about 850 sheep on the island, all of them hardy as Ushant has a harsh climate with plenty of strong winds and storms. For example, in the following photo, we can see a few more or less distinctive locks of wool around the neck of. You can cancel your email alerts at any time. home of the fencote breeding line established in 2005, one of the oldest ouessant flocks in the uk all from pure bred traceable lines over five generations black and carrying the brown gene breeding for quality and to breed standard the world's smallest naturally occurring breed of sheep excellent eco friendly & people friendly 'lawn mowers' They are also raised as a hobby or as pets. La race "Mouton d'Ouessant" est originaire de l’île d’’Ouessant qui fait parti d’un petit archipel au large du Finistère, Bretagne. The Ouessant It insulates against the cold as well as heat, thanks to the quantity of air that is trapped in its fibers. The skin, on the other hand, is always black. As they are prey animals, so they are highly sensitive to predators. . The Ouessant sheep are used for wool. This breed of sheep is very small compared to others. They provide us with wool for clothing, blankets, and other material items, but some can also provide us with food that is rich in protein, iron, B-vitamins, and zinc. Ouessant sheep are a rare heritage breed. The ram's fleece weighs 1.2-1.8kg, the ewe's fleece 1-1.5kg. A small sheep breed, measuring 49cm at the withers for the ram and 46 for the ewe, it nevertheless does not qualify as a dwarf sheep, its legs being in proportion and not atrophied. Even then, although the lock of wool is separated from the fleece, we can see that a lock of Ouessant wool lacks structure. This hydrophilic property of wool allows it to breathe. We are part of a small West Coast safety net repository gene bank for upbreeding in the United States, with the goal of starting a registry and establishing the breed here. N° 1 : "Introduction" I admit it. Unlike the improved breeds of modern sheep, the Ouessant sheep and his primitive cousins don’t have a distinctive lock structure. It’s true that I have a bit of a preference for Ouessant wool. Ewes rarely produce twins, and the breed is primarily used for wool production. Ouessant Sheep. 47 cm slightly smaller than the bucks. The island of Ouessant is a small piece of land located just off the coast of Brittany, France and until early in the 20th century the Ouessant sheep … The Ouessant sheep carries a thick fleece of long wool with a dense undercoat. For a beautiful, well structured lock, all of the fibers must line up perfectly. The Ouessant sheep are strong and hardy animals. Primitive sheep lack distinctive, well formed-locks, which makes the fleece look like a solid mass of wool. Feb 8, 2014 - Get all the latest interesting, hilarious, and mind-blowing stories on the Web. In order to separate a “lock” of ouessant wool from the fleece, you need to pull the lock out of the fleece by its long tapered tips. Rams have distinctive large curly horns that terminate in sharp, outward turning tips. Wool has excellent elasticity and memory. Ouessant Sheep. And it is the subtle variation of natural colours - blacks, browns, rich whites and greys - that make the wool so attractive. Then sit back and enjoy this little bit of extra information. The Ouessant sheep breed is the smallest breed of sheep in the world (topping out at less than 20 inches at shoulder and 35 to 50 pounds) and is also has the largest wool yield of all breeds, producing 10% of body weight in lustrous wool. Excellent eco friendly & people friendly lawn mowers. For more infomation about wool, sheep color genetics, and current research being done on Ouessant sheep. They also make fantastic pets, especially the Ouessant sheep. Ouessant wool is high quality and with the right care and attention in preperation is sought after. It can be used in a number of fibrecrafts including felting and for weaving. What this means is that there are a couple of different types of fiber in this lock of wool : in this instance, there is wool (that is the same length as the neck wool) along with quite a number of heterotypes. Thanks to these properties, garments made from wool keep their shape and resist wrinkling. Loveland, CO : Interweave Press, 1995. Tiny sheep, huge characters! See more ideas about Sheep, Small gardens, Breeds. Also known as Ushant or Breton Dwarf Sheep, the Ouessant is one of the smallest sheep breeds in the world. The Ouessant existed exclusively on its home island until the beginning of the 20th century, and is still a rare breed today. May 22, 2015 - The worlds smallest naturally occurring breed of sheep. Ouessant Wethers For Sale The only U.S. breeders of the Ouessant sheep (in Lincoln Massachusetts) will have about eight wethers for sale this fall. Ouessant Sheep. Ouessant sheep are a rare breed of sheep known for their particular small size. These two types of fiber both come from primary follicles and as a result the diameter of these fibers is greater than that of the secondary fiber (wool). But, it must be said that I love wool in all its many forms : from the unbelievable fineness of a Merino to the beautiful luster of a Lincoln Longwool. The Ouessant (pronounced: Ushant) sheep breed is a breed of domestic sheep which is named for the island where it originated. Sheep for sale - specialising in unusual and old breeds - Ouessant sheep, South Downs, Herdwick. Wool is available in a variety of forms because every breed of sheep produces a particular type of wool that is characteristic of that breed. The wool of the Ouessant sheep is very often dark brown, which also corresponds to the original color. In the world of textiles, when we see well structured locks of wool that have a distinctive crimp pattern, we talk about a fleece that has style. Here it is now! Located 12 miles off the French coast in the Sea of Iroise, the island of Ouessant (or Ushant in English) is the original homeland of Ouessant Sheep. Edeal for small gardens. It’s true that uniformity is not to be found in an Ouessant fleece ... .............................................................................................................................. Sheep’s wool naturally grows in the form of locks. On the other hand, we talk about a fleece’s “character” when we want to describe the overall look of a fleece : the style of the locks, the crimp pattern, and the color & feel of the wool. Ouessant sheep are … Special Notes. Ouessant island’ sheeps offers us a very heating wool that has a great water absorbsion capacity and that dries incredibly quickly. Olive Mount Farm: tel/text 07957 567 557 Home Alpacas Horses Sheep Goats Birds Bees Contact us Ouessant. The Ouessant Sheep was my latest featured breed of sheep on the Plutonium Muffins podcast, in Episode Seven: Kiti. Unlike commercial breeds of sheep, that were bred to produce uniform fleeces for use in the textile industry, the fleece of primitive breeds like the Ouessant remains unimproved, with a lack of uniformity and a variety of length and diameter of fibres. This is the stuff everyone's talking about. Additionally, wool is a natural resource : renewable and ecological. Again, the wool is essentially the same length as that found on the side, but not as fine. Les Articles Pour en savoir plus sur la laine, la génétique de la couleur, et la recherche actuelle sur le mouton d’Ouessant. Bray, A. R. “Fleece Types Developed During Domestication.” In, The World of Coloured Sheep, The Proceedings of the 6th World Congress on Coloured Sheep, Christchurch, New Zealand, November 2004, N° 3 : " The 4 Fiber Types Found in an Ouessant Fleece ", Marcus, black ouessant ram born 2010, grey and brown carrier. In Ouessant sheep, guard hairs come from the primary follicles and wool comes from the secondary follicles. In this article, representing France in our European tour of sheep and wool, she tells us a bit more about this wonderful, ancient breed. I love wool. They rely on staying together as a flock for protecting themselves from predators. They also make fantastic pets, especially the Ouessant sheep. (p.15). OUESSANT sheep virgin wool, super bulky, handspun, plied, 100% French sheep wool superbulky monpetitrouet. The guard hairs come in two distinct forms : heterotype fiber and hair fiber. It’s true that I have a bit of a preference for Ouessant wool. Wool has a natural affinity for dye : it is a textile fiber that is easy to dye. One of the smallest breeds of sheep in the world also called Breton Dwarf.One of the Northern European short-tailed sheep breeds. Mar 15, 2020 - N° 1 : "Introduction" I admit it. Lock structure is dependant on one thing : uniformity! Ouessant sheep are the smallest recognized breed of sheep in the world, measuring only 18 to 19 inches at the shoulder. The horns, curved around the ears, small erect ears, are thick. And why does the merino have so much of it and our little Ouessant sheep so little and so rarely? We will be developing more content on Ouessant wool and its uses in the Resources area of the website (members only). Despite their small size, rams of this breed have horns that can be impressively large. Ouessant: A French breed that takes its name from the island sitting 12 miles off the westerly point of Brittany, Ushant in English. In Paris, the city government recently began using a small herd of Ouessant sheep to graze public lands. I queued this post on the Ouessant sheep for you to come out on Monday, but it didn’t work. § Une chronique de fil en aiguille d’une fileuse et son troupeau de moutons d’ouessant. The Ouessant fleece is no exception to this rule. And in order to do this all of the fibers must be very uniform. Most animals are black or brown in coloration with white individuals also occurring. It’s true that I have a bit of a preference for Ouessant wool. This breed of sheep is very small compared to others. So even if an Ouessant fleece doesn’t have a lot a style, in my opinion, it does have a distinctive character : both soft and rustic, in a range of exquisite colors ... Merino wool, renowned for its fine even crimp pattern, In Sheep's Clothing : A Handspinner's Guide to Wool, The Spinning Shepherd § La Bergère Filandière. But this is relatively rare and generally only found in certain areas of the fleece, notably around the neck. ... Can you spin their wool? But all of the so-called modern and improved breeds of sheep also have their own characteristic lock structure. The Ouessant sheep is insular, highly appreciated for its meat and the quality of its wool. From shop monpetitrouet. The wool is very light and poor in scratchy hairs. On Ile d’Ouessant, a small island off the coast of Brittany, France any time have... Or simply to keep the grass down hair fiber ouessant sheep wool la couleur, et la recherche sur... See more ideas about sheep, small erect ears, small gardens, breeds it our. The wool of the website ( members only ) to come out on Monday, but there are brown white! Up to 30 % of its weight in humidity without feeling damp white individuals also occurring historically was the follicles... Alpacas Horses sheep Goats Birds Bees Contact us Ouessant poor in scratchy hairs compared! 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